Coco Peat is a natural fibre made out of coconut husks. The extraction of the coconut fibre from husks gives the by-product called Coco Peat and it is a 100% natural growing medium. Coir waste is washed, heat-treated, screened and graded before being processed into Coco Peat products of various granularity and denseness, which are then used for horticultural and agricultural applications and as industrial absorbent.
Coco Peat is usually shipped in the form of compressed bales, briquettes, slabs or discs. A single kilogram of Coco Peat will expand to 15 litres of moist coco peat. Trichoderma is a naturally occurring fungus in Coco Peat; it works in symbiosis with plant roots to protect them from pathogenic fungi such as pythium. It is not present in sterilized Coco Peat. Trichoderma is also destroyed by hydrogen peroxide.
Advantages & Uses of Coco Peat:
Agricultural And Domestic Gardening:
This makes an excellent growing medium for hydrophonics or container plant growing. Clean coir has natural rooting hormones and anti-fungal properties. Coco Peat has innumerable advantages in the agricultural and domestic gardening. Some of them are in potting mix, horticulture cultivation, nursery beds for seedlings, in gardens to conserve water, orchids, mushroom cultivation, plantation crops, etc. The main advantage is that the valuable nitrogen is preserved in Coco Peat and moisture content is retained mainly in potting mix in home gardening. Coco Peat is a multi-purpose growing medium, which is very easy to use. Its high air filled porosity and high water holding capacity makes it the ideal medium for all plant growing applications. Coco Peat compressed briquettes and bales. Coco Peat is an excellent substrate for vegetable, fruit and cut flower crops. Coco Peat has many applications as an effective soil conditioner and soil-free substrate.
Coco peat is used as a soil additive. Due to low levels of nutrients in its composition, coco peat is usually not the sole component in the medium used to grow plants. When plants are grown exclusively in coco peat, it is important to add nutrients according to the specific plants' needs. Coco peat from Sri Lanka and India contains several macro- and micro-plant nutrients, including substantial quantities of potassium. Coco Peat is an excellent substrate for root development and therefore transplanting can be made directly into it with no need for any further treatment or agent. With time, the Coco Peat develops a high buffer capacity that will enable the plants to overcome a short time deficiency of fertilizers and water.
Coco Peat for Domestic Gardening:
An ideal handy retail pack for home gardening, horticulture etc., and its usage is found in farms, greenhouse-horticulture, hydro seed spray, and landscapes and used as a substitute for potting soil. Coco Peat is a worldwide solution for soil less growing and it is also a very good growing media for home gardening. The Coco Peat enables the plant to develop a strong root system very quickly.
Coco Peat for Oil Industry:
Being a good absorbent, dry coco peat can be used as an oil absorbent on slippery floors.
Other Benefits (Uses) of Coco Peat
- As a substitute for peat, because it is free of bacteria and most fungal spores, and is sustainably produced without the environmental damage caused by peat mining
- Mixed with sand, compost and fertilizer to make good quality potting soil. Coco Peat generally has acidity in the range of pH - 5.5 to 6.5. It is a little on the acidic side for some plants, but many popular plants can tolerate this pH range
- As substrate for growing mushrooms, which thrive on the cellulose
- It has high cellulose and lignin content
- It can be re-used up to three times with little loss of yield. Coco peat from diseased plants should not be re-used
- It is a 100% natural growing medium
- It is an excellent growing medium for hydrophonics or container plant growing
- Clean coir has natural rooting hormones and anti-fungal properties
- The properties of Coco Peat make it resistant to bacterial and fungal growth
- Coco Peat holds water rather than shedding it like traditional peat does! It holds 8-9 times its weight in water
- Coco Peat has the ability to store and release nutrient to plants for extended periods of time. It also has great oxygenation properties which is important for healthy root development
- It has a neutral pH range to slightly acidic. This makes it great for alkaline garden soils
- Easy to use: Just put the compressed Coco Peat brick in a container, add 4 quarts of warm water and let it sit until the water is absorbed, fluff itupand you are ready to use Coco Peat
- Coco Peat can even be reused for up to 4 years
- It makes a great bedding material for worm bins: It's actually good for them and increases worm growth by 25%
- Coco Peat is very slow to disintegrate; it only begins to break down when it is 10 years old, long term benefits
- It is very light and easy to handle
- It can be combined with any of the normal ingredients and use as a mixer or a stand-alone product
- An affordable price for a quality product with an environmentally sustainable future
- The Coco Peat has a tendency to expand in its volume, i.e. four to five times from its original volume
- Coco Peat provides the plants easy porosity for growing roots and good airiness for the plant healthy growth
- Coco Peat restructures the soil and helps to retain moisture in garden/nursery bed
- Frequency of watering is reduced
- Coco Peat extends the life of compost
- Coco Peat has a reliable pH(5.4-6.4) that is eco friendly
- Coco Peat helps to plants free from insects, weeds, seeds, salts and chemicals.
- Coco Peat minimizes the aborts in the compost pile
- Coco Peat acidity helps to retain and preserve valuable nitrogen sources that are often lost from compost as ammonia
- Coco Peat is proved by the scientists to be a better medium for growing commercial vegetable seedlings such as tomatoes, cucumber, lettuce, cabbage, cauliflower, egg plant and herbs
- Coco Peat is also used as a bedding in animal farms and pet houses to absorb animal waste so the farm is kept clean and dry
- Coco Peat is hydrophilic unlike sphagnum moss and can quickly reabsorb water even when completely dry.
- Coco Peat is porous and cannot be overwatered easily. It is an organic material and its production is part of the many uses of the coco nut. When using it for hydroponic growing, the environment is not harmed